Using Variants

A product may be available in different variants, e.g., a particular T-shirt comes in different sizes, and each size is a variant of that T-shirt. The notion of variants is available in Saleor out of the box. You can access it on the product via the variants field.

Fetching variants of a product

In the previous step, we used the ProductByID query to fetch details for a particular product in our store. Let's now extend this query to also include the information about the possible variants of each product. In graphql/queries/ProductByID.graphql add the following variants snippet:

# graphql/queries/ProductByID.graphql
query ProductByID($id: ID!) {
  product(id: $id, channel: "default-channel") {
    id
    name
    description
    media {
      url
    }
    category {
      name
    }
variants {
id
name
}
} }

If you run this query for a product from the T-shirt category, you will notice that the variant names are T-shirt sizes, i.e., S, M, L, or XL.

Displaying variants on the product page

Let's display all possible variants of a product on the page that displays the product details. This is being handled by the ProductDetails component. So, let's update it:

// components/ProductDetails.tsx
import React from 'react';

import {
  Product
} from "@/saleor/api";

import { VariantSelector } from '@/components';
const styles = { columns: 'grid grid-cols-2 gap-x-10 items-start', image: { aspect: 'aspect-w-1 aspect-h-1 bg-white rounded', content: 'object-center object-cover' }, details: { title: 'text-4xl font-bold tracking-tight text-gray-800', category: 'text-lg mt-2 font-medium text-gray-500', description: 'prose lg:prose-s' } } interface Props {
product: Pick<Product, 'id' | 'name' | 'description' | 'thumbnail' | 'category' | 'media' | 'variants'>;
} export const ProductDetails = ({ product }: Props) => { return ( <div className={styles.columns}> <div className={styles.image.aspect}> <img src={product?.media![0]?.url} className={styles.image.content} /> </div> <div className="space-y-8"> <div> <h1 className={styles.details.title}> {product?.name} </h1> <p className={styles.details.category}> {product?.category?.name} </p> </div> <article className={styles.details.description}> {product?.description} </article>
<VariantSelector variants={product?.variants || []} id={product.id} />
</div> </div> ); }

Let's add the export statement in components/index.ts for VariantSelector, so that we can directly import it from @/components.

// components/index.ts
export { ProductCollection } from './ProductCollection';
export { Layout } from './Layout';
export { ProductElement } from './ProductElement';
export { Pagination } from './Pagination';
export { Navbar } from './Navbar';
export { ProductDetails } from './ProductDetails';
export { VariantSelector } from './VariantSelector';

With the ProductByID query adjusted by variants, we pass them to a newly created VariantSelector component. This component gets a collection of variants and displays their names. In the components folder, create another file, called VariantSelector.tsx:

// components/VariantSelector.tsx
import React from "react";
import { ProductVariant } from "@/saleor/api";

type Variant = Pick<ProductVariant, "id" | "name"> | null | undefined;

const styles = {
  grid: "grid grid-cols-8 gap-2",
  variant:
    "flex justify-center border rounded-md p-3 font-semibold hover:border-blue-400",
};

interface Props {
  variants: Variant[];
}

export const VariantSelector = ({ variants }: Props) => {
  return (
    <div className={styles.grid}>
      {variants.map((variant) => {
        return <a className={styles.variant}>{variant?.name}</a>;
      })}
    </div>
  );
};

The next step is to make those variants clickable so that the user can select a particular variant of a product they want to add to their cart.

For constructing className strings conditionally let's use a tiny utility - clsx. Go to the project's root folder in your Terminal, and run:

npm install clsx

or

pnpm add clsx

Now the VariantSelector component can be modified:

// components/VariantSelector.tsx
import React from "react";
import Link from "next/link";
import clsx from "clsx";

import { ProductVariant } from "@/saleor/api";

type Variant = Pick<ProductVariant, "id" | "name"> | null | undefined;

const styles = {
  grid: "grid grid-cols-8 gap-2",
  variant: {
    default:
      "flex justify-center border rounded-md p-3 font-semibold hover:border-blue-400",
    selected: "border-2 border-blue-300 bg-blue-300",
  },
};

interface Props {
  id: string;
  selectedVariantID: string;
  variants: Variant[];
}

export const VariantSelector = ({ variants, id, selectedVariantID }: Props) => {
  return (
    <div className={styles.grid}>
      {variants.map((variant) => {
        const isSelected = variant?.id === selectedVariantID;
        return (
          <Link
            key={variant?.name}
            href={{
              pathname: "/product/[id]",
              query: { variant: variant?.id, id },
            }}
            replace
            shallow
          >
            <a
              className={clsx(
                styles.variant.default,
                isSelected && styles.variant.selected
              )}
            >
              {variant?.name}
            </a>
          </Link>
        );
      })}
    </div>
  );
};

The id of a selected variant is being passed-in to the VariantSelector component as the parent component must also know its value in order to add the correct product variant to the cart. Let's slightly modify the parent component, i.e., ProductDetails:

// components/ProductDetails.tsx
import React from 'react';
import { useRouter } from "next/router";
import { Product } from "@/saleor/api";
import { VariantSelector } from '@/components';
const styles = { columns: 'grid grid-cols-2 gap-x-10 items-start', image: { aspect: 'aspect-w-1 aspect-h-1 bg-white rounded', content: 'object-center object-cover' }, details: { title: 'text-4xl font-bold tracking-tight text-gray-800', category: 'text-lg mt-2 font-medium text-gray-500', description: 'prose lg:prose-s' } } interface Props {
product: Pick<Product, 'id' | 'name' | 'description' | 'thumbnail' | 'category' | 'media' | 'variants'>;
} export const ProductDetails = ({ product }: Props) => {
const router = useRouter();
const queryVariant = process.browser
? router.query.variant?.toString()
: undefined;
const selectedVariantID = queryVariant || product?.variants![0]!.id!;
return ( <div className={styles.columns}> <div className={styles.image.aspect}> <img src={product?.media![0]?.url} className={styles.image.content} /> </div> <div className="space-y-8"> <div> <h1 className={styles.details.title}> {product?.name} </h1> <p className={styles.details.category}> {product?.category?.name} </p> </div> <article className={styles.details.description}> {product?.description} </article>
<VariantSelector variants={product?.variants || []} id={product.id} selectedVariantID={selectedVariantID} />
</div> </div> ); }

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